Marine biologists study plants and animals that live in the sea, and their relationships with each other and their environment. They may study the impact of pollution on marine organisms, identify and classify new species or estimate the likely population size for commercially-harvested fish and shellfish species. Marine biologists can get to go scuba diving and on sea voyages to collect samples, but much of their time is spent analysing and writing up data or working in a laboratory.
Coastal scientists work on issues such as managing erosion, helping design facilities for recreational and commercial boat harbours, and helping to minimise the negative environmental impact of coastal developments. Coastal researchers may look at ways to manage the effects of rising sea-levels due to climate change or investigate how tsunami are generated by underwater earthquakes or landslides.
Most marine biologists and coastal scientists are employed by:
Job opportunities for marine biologists are limited due to a lack of funding for research. Marine biologists with skills in population modelling, toxicology and aquaculture have the best chances of finding work.
Pay rates vary depending on qualifications and experience:
Key tertiary qualifications include:
Recommended school subjects:
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Marine/Coastal Scientist: People who work in this role
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