Climate scientists and meteorologists study the atmosphere, weather and climate, so that we can understand how and why the Earth’s climate changes over time, better forecast weather patterns and predict long-term climate trends.
Meteorologists study and forecast actual weather events, whereas climate scientists are more likely to study long-term trends over the course of decades or centuries, and develop numerical models that allow us to estimate the likely effects of climate change due to human activities.
In New Zealand, most climate scientists are employed by NIWA – the National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research, other Crown Research Institutes such as AgResearch, and universities.
Most meteorologists work for either the MetService or for NIWA's weather forecasting service.
Pay rates depend on qualifications and experience:
Key tertiary qualifications include:
Recommended school subjects:
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